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On this page we’ll bring together scientific studies, policy documents, important data, interesting publications and other information related to sustainable palm oil.

Monitoring of sustainable palm oil in Europe

Progress report on the import and use of palm oil in Europe in 2019 (EPOA & IDH – The Sustainable Trade Initiative)
Progress report on the import and use of palm oil in Europe in 2018 (EPOA & IDH – The Sustainable Trade Initiative)
Progress report on the import and use of palm oil in Europe in 2017  (EPOA & IDH – The Sustainable Trade Initiative)

The impacts of palm oil production

Environmental, Economic, and Social Consequences of the Oil Palm Boom (Qaim et al. 2020)
This research study examines palm oil production and consumption trends and reviews environmental, economic, and social consequences in different parts of the world.
Impact of palm oil sustainability certification on village well-being and poverty in Indonesia (Santika, T., Wilson, K.A., Law, E.A. et al. 2021)
This research study evaluates the impact of palm oil sustainability certification on village-level wellbeing across Indonesia.
The biodiversity impact of RSPO certification (Meijaard, Ancrenaz & van Balen  2020)
This study examines  RSPO member companies and assesses how their management has addressed biodiversity conservation with regard to RSPO requirements.

Deforestation and palm oil

Global Forest Review by the World Resources Institute
The Global Forest Review (GFR) is a living online report providing the latest information on the state of the world’s forests. Unlike other reports that compile statistical data reported by governments, the GFR draws primarily on global-scale geospatial data derived from analysis of satellite imagery.
Deforestation fronts – Drivers and responses in a changing world by WWF
This 2021 report by the World Wild Fund (WWF) analyses the latest trends in deforestation and forest degradation. This report identifies a slowing trend for deforestation linked to palm oil in Indonesia and Malaysia.
The collective effort to end deforestation by DIC
An analysis by the Disclosure Insight Action of 687 companies on the steps they are taking to eliminate deforestation from their operations and supply chains.

Studies on the viability of palm oil replacement

The viability and desirability of replacing palm oil (Parsons, Raikova & Chuck 2020)
The environmental impacts of palm oil in context (Meijaard, E., Brooks, T.M., Carlson, K.M. et al. 2020)
Oil palm and biodiversity: a situation analysis by the IUCN Oil Palm Task Force (Meijaard, Garcia-Ulloa, Brooks et al. 2018)

Certification schemes

Transnational private certification schemes
The Roundtable of Sustainable Palm Oil
International Sustainability Carbon Certification
Rainforest Alliance

National certification schemes
Malaysian Sustainable Palm Oil Certification
Indonesian Sustainable Palm Oil

Webinars ‘’Lets talk palm oil – meet the experts’’ by the Sustainable Palm Oil Choice

Stories from the ground: the impact of palm oil in North Sumatra and Aceh. Interview with Fitri Hasibuan and John Buchanan (Conservation International)
How to be a sustainable palm oil frontrunner? Interview with Sabrina Krebsbach  (WWF-UK)
Would banning palm oil improve sustainability? Interview with Matin Qaim (University of Goettingen)
Can you support the rainforest using palm oil? Interview with Jan Maarten Dros (Senior Climate and Palm Oil Expert)
What does satellite monitoring tell us about palm oil in Indonesia? Interview with Maharti Rihana  (Satelligence)



Amsterdam Declaration Partnership
The AD country governments join efforts to influence key processes– changes we would like to see happen – to enhance market uptake of sustainable commodities in ADP countries complementary to supporting production side measures in countries of origin.

European Palm Oil Alliance
Initiative that brings the European palm oil industry and producing countries together to push for market transformation in Europe and create awareness of the importance of sustainably produced palm oil.

National Initiatives for sustainable palm oil

The Sustainable Palm Oil Choice
This initiative combines a group of companies and civil society organisations that are committed to either use, produce or support the production and consumption of sustainable palm oil and inspire others to do the same.

Consumer Goods Forum – Palm Oil Roadmap
This organisation brings consumer goods retailers and manufacturers together globally


National Initiatives for sustainable & climate smart oil palm smallholders (NISCOPS) (IDH & Solidaridad)

Solidaridad projects strengthening smallholders in producing countries

Nature conservation projects

WWF projects in Indonesia

EU Policy documents

The European Green Deal

The EU Farm to Fork Strategy

The EU Communication (2019) on stepping up EU action to protect and restore the world’s forests

Other important data and websites

The Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil

CDP: The Collective Effort to End Deforestation

Global Forest Watch: Forest Monitoring Designed for Action

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