Orang-utans and palm oil.

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Hunting, wildlife trade and human-wildlife conflict are the main drivers of orang-utan loss. The harvesting of palm oil and pulp is also a major driver, but just one of several causes. Below are some facts on the Borneo orang-utan population and the effect the palm oil industry has on it.

Bornean orang-utan populations declined by 100,000 animals between 1999 and 2015. The species is Critically Endangered under the criteria of the Red List of the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) (meaning that at least 80% of the total number has disappeared in three generations’ time, or 75 years for this species).

Hunting and forest conversion are the two major threats for orang-utan long-term survival.

Estimates of future orang-utan loss based on forest cover – 43,300 orang-utans during next 35 years (or about half of the current number) – fall short, as they do not include non-land use based impacts.

Protecting forests alone is not enough. Successful orang-utan conservation needs to address both orang-utan killings and habitat degradation in effective partnerships with local communities and public and private sectors.


Voigt et al 2018

Sephar et al 2018

Santika 2017

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